St. Peter’s Basilica stands on the traditional site where Peter – the apostle who is considered the first Pope – was crucified and buried. St. Peter’s tomb is under the main altar and many other popes are buried in the basilica as well. Originally founded by Constantine in 324, St. Peter’s Basilica was rebuilt in the 16th century by Renaissance masters including Bramante, Michelangelo and Bernini.
The Mausoleum of Hadrian, usually known as St. Angel Castle, is a towering cylindrical building in Rome. It was initially commissioned by the Roman Emperor Hadrian as a mausoleum for himself and his family. The building was later used by the popes as a fortress and castle, and is now a museum. The top statue depicts the angel from whom the building derives its name.
After visiting the Basilica, spending a few time in the square, you will continue the visit with a short walk to St. Angel Castle for the inside visit, then proceed to Piazza Navona ( built on the site of the Stadium of Domitian in 1st century AD), inside visit to the Pantheon (commissioned by Marcus Agrippa as a temple to all the gods of Ancient Rome, and rebuilt by Emperor Hadrian in about 126 AD ), the sacred area of Largo Argentina where Julius Caesar was killed and Venice Square.
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